Carlos Pedrós-Alió obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison working on microbial ecology of lakes under the supervision of Thomas D. Brock. He moved back to Spain for a postdoc and then a junior professor position at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. In 1998 he moved to the Marine Sciences Institute (CSIC) also in Barcelona, where he begun studying the microbiology of the oceans. In 2016 he moved to the National Center for Biotechnology (CSIC) in Madrid and now concentrates on the analysis of metagenomes and metatranscriptomes to understand the strategies of microorganisms in the oceans and in extreme environments. He has worked extensively in Chile, both in hypersaline systems in Atacama and in hot springs along the Andes. He is also interested in the biology of spirituality, relationships between art and science, fiction writing, outreach, birdwatching and botanizing.